French: Souimanga violet German: Violettmantel-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga violeta
#R, “Senegambia superior” = Senegal
Subspecies and Distribution
A. l. longuemarei
(Lesson, 1831) – Northern Violet-backed Sunbird – Senegal S to Guinea-Bissau and E to N Sierra Leone.
A. l. haussarum
Neumann, 1906 – E Guinea E to N Cameroon, Central African Republic, extreme SW Sudan, South Sudan, N DRCongo, N & W Uganda and W Kenya.
A. l. angolensis
Neumann, 1906 – Southern Violet-backed Sunbird – S Congo, SW & SE DRCongo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi W of Rift Valley, and W Tanzania.
A. l. nyassae
Neumann, 1906 – E Tanzania, Malawi E of Rift Valley, N Mozambique and E Zimbabwe.
13–14 cm; 9·8–14 g. Distinctive sunbird with almost straight, stout bill. Male nominate race has metallic violet head, throat and upperparts, bluer on rump... read more
Song (race angolensis) a rapid series of five or six rising and falling chatters before... read more
Savanna woodland, including acacia (Acacia), miombo and Uapaca woodlands, gallery... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, including beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), lepidopteran larvae and Hymenoptera; spiders (Araneae). Also nectar from... read more
Egg-laying in Feb–May and Nov in W Africa, mostly Jan–Mar in E Africa; Feb and Sept–Dec in DRCongo, Feb, Jul, Sept, Oct... read more
In W Africa moves N in Jan–May, to breed in N savanna in dry season. Probably sedentary in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon in W Africa; common in S Sudan and savannas of DRCongo; not uncommon in Uganda W of Budongo Forest; scarce in S Africa, uncommon in Malawi... read more
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