Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Western Wedge-billed Hummingbird (Schistes albogularis)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à collier blanc German: Westlicher Bunthalskolibri Spanish: Colibrí picocuña occidental
Taxonomy:

Schistes albogularis

Gould

, 1852,

Quito, Ecuador = west side of Pichincha, at 6000 feet [c. 1830 m]

.

Usually considered conspecific with S. geoffroyi, but differs in its larger, brighter green throat patch including forehead (latter dull in other taxa) (3); white of lower neck sides joining across breast (ns[2]); breast to vent all shiny bottle-green vs paler green shading to white on vent (ns[2]); very short vs rather long white postocular line (ns[2]); green vs bronzy-brown back to uppertail-coverts (3); blue-green vs yellowy-green uppertail (ns[2]); no narrow white tips on tail (ns[1, perhaps 2]); female with all-white throat (3); slightly longer bill (based on visual comparison of specimens) (no score attempted). Type specimen of proposed S. geoffroyi race bolivianus (Bolivia) does not match existing population of Bolivia, and may be an artefact of geoffroyi and albogularis. Monotypic.

Distribution:

W Colombia (W Andes and W slope of C Andes) to W Ecuador.

Descriptive notes

8·6–9·3 cm; 3·5–4·1 g. Compared to formerly conspecific S. geoffroyi (see Taxonomy comments), male has lateral throat patches more violet-blue and larger (even... read more

Voice

Song a series of two different high-pitched notes repeated, “tsit...seet...tsit...seet...”, at an... read more

Habitat

Occurs in dense cloudforests and forest borders, often near streams, at 800–2000 m. In W Andes of... read more

Food and feeding

No known differences from S. geoffroyi.

Breeding

Nothing known.

Movements

Sedentary with some post-breeding altitudinal dispersion.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Rare to locally common in dense cloudforest. Particularly common in cloudforest above Cali, Colombia, with at least 3–4 pairs/km², and also... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Western Wedge-billed Hummingbird (Schistes albogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467198 on 24 June 2019).