French: Pioui de l’Ouest German: Blasskehl-Schnäppertyrann Spanish: Pibí occidental
P. L. Sclater
Subspecies and Distribution
C. s. saturatus
Bishop, 1900 – SE Alaska and NW & W Canada S in USA to W Oregon; winters NW South America (probably mainly Colombia and Venezuela).
C. s. veliei
Coues, 1866 – E Alaska S through interior mainly to N & C Mexico (N Baja California and S to Michoacán and Puebla), E in USA to N & W Great Plains states and S to W Texas; winters probably W South America (S possibly to Peru, Bolivia and perhaps N Argentina).
C. s. peninsulae
Brewster, 1891 – W Mexico (S Baja California); winters probably NW South America.
C. s. sordidulus
P. L. Sclater, 1859 – highlands of Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas) S at least to Honduras, possibly to NC Nicaragua and Costa Rica; winters S to Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
14–16 cm; 12–14 g. Nominate race has peaked crown dark greyish-brown, faint paler lores, indistinct thin eyering (sometimes lacking); head side, nape and... read more
Song, typically by territorial male, a harsh burry and descending “pee-er”, “... read more
Variety of semi-open deciduous, coniferous and mixed woodland habitats, forest edge and riparian... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, rarely also spiders; fruit taken rarely. Insects include dipterans, hymenopterans, coleopterans, lepidopterans (adults, rarely... read more
Early May to late Aug. Compact nest cup made of woven grass, plant fibres, bark, plant down, feathers, animal hair, moss, insect puparia... read more
Medium-distance to long-distance migrant, wintering in South America. Departs breeding grounds... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to uncommon. Global population estimated at 9,700,000 individuals. Survey data for Canada and USA show that this species decreased by 1... read more
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