French: Guifette moustac German: Weißbart-Seeschwalbe Spanish: Fumarel cariblanco
southern Volga, Russia
Subspecies and Distribution
C. h. hybrida
(Pallas, 1811) – SW & C Europe and N Africa E through W Russia, Middle East and Transcaspia to SC & E Kazakhstan and N India#R, also from L Baikal to Russian Far East and NE & E China; winters in Africa and across to S & SE Asia, also in Greater Sundas, Sulawesi and Philippines.
C. h. delalandii
(Mathews, 1912) – S & E Africa and Madagascar.
C. h. javanicus
(Horsfield, 1821) – Australia; winters in N parts of Australia and N to Greater Sundas, Philippines and S New Guinea.
23–29 cm; 60–101 g (mean 84 g); wingspan 64–70 cm. Slender, medium-small tern, with wings more rounded than in Sterna; shortish tail with only... read more
Harsher than in other Palearctic Chlidonias spp.; advertising call is a rasping “kyick”... read more
Breeds on vegetated inland lakes, marshes and rivers, mainly in lowlands, but up to 2000 m in... read more
Food and feeding
Terrestrial and aquatic insects, e.g. water beetles (Dytiscidae), Odonata and their larvae, grasshoppers, flying ants, spiders; also... read more
May–Jun in Europe, Nov–Dec in Australia, Dec in Tanzania. Forms synchronous subcolonies, usually in monospecific colonies of 10... read more
W Europe birds migrate to W Africa, wintering at freshwater wetlands inland and on coasts. Small... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The global population has not been estimated precisely recently but is within the range of 300,000–1,500,000 individuals, and... read more
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