Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

White-backed Black Tit (Melaniparus leuconotus)


Taxonomy

French: Mésange à dos blanc German: Weißmantel-Rußmeise Spanish: Carbonero dorsiblanco
Taxonomy:

Parus leuconotus

Guérin-Méneville

, 1843,

Ethiopia

.

Molecular data indicate this species is sister to M. afer and M. cinerascens#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Descriptive notes

13·5–14 cm; 16–17 g. Medium-sized to large, small-billed black tit with creamy-white patch on upperparts. Male in fresh plumage has entire body, wing and... read more

Voice

Calls include buzzing “bee-bzz-bzz”, dry “tchu-chu-chu” like that of a... read more

Habitat

Principally in highland Hagenia forests, also mixed podocarp-juniper-olive (Podocarpus... read more

Food and feeding

Diet not well known, but includes small invertebrates, larvae and seeds. Solitary or in pairs; also in small loose groups. Actively forages... read more

Breeding

Thought to breed in Jan, May and Aug, and female in breeding condition Dec, but no nests found. No other information. Maximum recorded... read more

Movements

Primarily resident; some altitudinal movement. One ringed individual recovered 223 km from site... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common or locally common in Ethiopia. In Eritrea was formerly uncommon, and possibly now extirpated; not seen since 1957. Present in Bale Mountains... read more

Recommended citation

Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2020). White-backed Black Tit (Melaniparus leuconotus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59890 on 26 February 2020).