Family Bustards (Otididae)

Least Concern

White-bellied Bustard (Eupodotis senegalensis)


French: Outarde du Sénégal German: Senegaltrappe Spanish: Sisón senegalés
Other common names: Barrow's Korhaan (barrowii)

Otis Senegalensis


, 1820,



Name cafra is the earliest one applied to present species, but, because of confusion in nomenclature with Neotis denhami (which see), name cafra was officially suppressed#R. S populations sometimes treated as a separate species, E. barrowii (with mackenziei as a subspecies), but slight differences in plumage and voice from N populations probably do not justify such treatment. Birds from Eritrea normally ascribed to nominate senegalensis, but perhaps more likely to belong to canicollis; latter subspecies usually taken to include also long-discounted races somaliensis (from Ethiopia, Somalia and NW Kenya) and supposedly smaller parva. Further, has been suggested that erlangeri is no more than a junior synonym of canicollis, a view based on re-examination of relevant type specimens and historical literature#R. Five subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. s. senegalensis (Vieillot, 1820) – Northern White-bellied Bustard – SW Mauritania and Guinea E to C Sudan and Eritrea.
  • E. s. canicollis (Reichenow, 1881) – Ethiopia S to NE Tanzania.
  • E. s. erlangeri (Reichenow, 1905) – SW Kenya and W Tanzania.
  • E. s. mackenziei C. M. N. White, 1945 – E Gabon and C Congo to S & SE DRCongo, E Angola and W Zambia; C & S Angola.
  • E. s. barrowii (J. E. Gray, 1829) – Southern White-bellied Bustard – SE Botswana, E South Africa and Swaziland.
  • Descriptive notes

    50–60 cm, 1400–1500 g; female smaller. Upperparts tawny buff minutely vermiculated with brown, tail greyer with thin dark bars; crown black with grey centre, face... read more


    Most vocal during early morning and evening, especially during or after rain, or if disturbed;... read more


    Open and relatively tall grassland (30–50 cm high) and savanna, bushed or dwarf wooded... read more

    Food and feeding

    Termites, locusts, caterpillars, beetles, spiders, scorpions, snails and lizards; also green herbage, grass seeds, bulbs, berries and... read more


    Jul–Oct in W Africa; Jun and Aug–Oct in C Sahel; Mar–Jun in NE Africa; within the period Oct–May in various parts... read more


    Largely sedentary, but in Chad moves N in wet season, and in South Africa some birds winter at... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Apparently in decline in Sahel zone: only four recent records in Gambia, where was formerly commonest bustard species; only... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). White-bellied Bustard (Eupodotis senegalensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 January 2020).