Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-bellied Emerald (Amazilia candida)


French: Ariane candide German: Bronzekopfamazilie Spanish: Amazilia cándida

Trochilus candidus

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,

Cobán, Guatemala


Sometimes placed in genus Agyrtria. Race genini has been questioned on the basis of some intergradation with nominate in E Mexico. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. c. genini (Meise, 1938) – E Mexico (SE San Luis Potosí and Veracruz S to N Oaxaca).
  • A. c. pacifica (Griscom, 1929) – Pacific slope in SE Mexico (SE Chiapas) and S Guatemala.
  • A. c. candida (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula and N Chiapas) through N Guatemala and Belize to Honduras and NE Nicaragua.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–11 cm; male 3·8 g, female 3·4 g. Male has straight, short bill, blackish except for pinkish basal part of mandible; crown dark bronze-green; upper­... read more


    Song quite variable, typically a repeated, high-pitched, rhythmic phrase such as “tseesip-seesip-... read more


    More confined to forests than most other congeners. Inhabits rainforest and cloudforest, wooded... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes nectar and small insects. Found in all strata; in forest interiors at tree tops, at lower levels outside forests. Food plants... read more


    In Mexico, laying has been reported Apr–May. However, breeding probably starts in Feb when singing activity occurs; birds in breeding... read more


    Wintering birds of the northern populations have been recorded from the Pacific slope of Oaxaca and... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in the tropical lowlands along the Caribbean slope. Uncommon to rare at higher elevations and on the Pacific slope. Race ... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A. & Boesman, P. (2020). White-bellied Emerald (Amazilia candida). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).