Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

White-bellied Erpornis (Erpornis zantholeuca)


French: Erpornis à ventre blanc German: Haubenvireo Spanish: Yuhina ventriblanca
Other common names: White-bellied Yuhina

Erp[ornis]. zantholeuca


, 1844,



Geographical variation trivial; thus, sordida (E Thailand and S Indochina) and interposita (Peninsular Malaysia) included in nominate, and griseiloris (SE Yunnan and Guizhou E to Taiwan) in tyrannulus. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. z. zantholeuca Blyth, 1844 – N India (E Uttarakhand)#R, Nepal, Bhutan, all NE Indian states, E Bangladesh, S China (W & S Yunnan), and throughout SE Asia (except for N & SE Thailand and N Indochina).
  • E. z. tyrannulus Swinhoe, 1870 – SE China (SE Yunnan and S Guizhou E to Jiangxi and Fujian, including Hainan and Hong Kong), Taiwan, N Thailand and N Indochina.
  • E. z. canescens Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 – SE Thailand and SW Cambodia.
  • E. z. saani Chasen, 1939 – NW Sumatra.
  • E. z. brunnescens Sharpe, 1876 – Borneo, including Pulau Laut (off SE coast).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm; 8–17 g. Small passerine resembling a yuhina, yellowish-green above and greyish-white with yellow vent below, with short crest, squared-off tail, and... read more


    Song a short high-pitched descending trill, “si’i’i’i’i’i”, or rising and falling “ss ss ss se se... read more


    Broadleaf evergreen forest, secondary growth, selectively logged forest, light deciduous forest,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small grasshoppers and bush-crickets (Orthoptera), and other insects and their larvae, particularly small caterpillars; also berries, soft... read more


    Mar–Jun in Indian Subcontinent and Jan–Aug in SE Asia; birds in breeding condition Jan–May, Oct and Dec and dependent... read more


    Resident. In Taiwan, higher elevations usually visited only in post-breeding dispersal period.... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common to common in SW, C & E Nepal. Relatively uncommon but fairly widespread in Bhutan, where present in Thrumshingla National... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Robson, C. (2018). White-bellied Erpornis (Erpornis zantholeuca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 October 2018).