Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

White-bellied Green-pigeon (Treron sieboldii)


French: Colombar de Siebold German: Sieboldgrüntaube Spanish: Vinago japonés
Other common names: White-bellied Pigeon, Japanese Green-pigeon

Columba sieboldii


, 1835,



In the past, sometimes placed in genus Sphenurus. Closely allied to T. sphenurus, T. permagnus and T. formosae, and more distantly to T. oxyurus species-group. Race sororius only slightly differentiated from nominate, and possibly better merged with it. Little-known Hainan form initially assigned to sororius, but later named oblitus owing to its smaller size; this race, although said to be closest to sororius, was subsequently included in T. sphenurus (e.g. in HBW), presumably in error; oblitus now considered indistinguishable from murielae. Described form “Sphenocercus sphenurus lungchowensis” is likewise a synonym of murielae#R. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. s. sieboldii (Temminck, 1835) – Japan and E China (Jiangsu, Fujian).
  • T. s. fopingensis Cheng, Tan & Sun, 1973 – C China (S Shaanxi, E Sichuan).
  • T. s. murielae (Delacour, 1927) – SC China (Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan) S to extreme N Thailand, Laos and N & C Vietnam (Tonkin, Annam).
  • T. s. sororius (Swinhoe, 1866) – mountains of Taiwan.
  • Descriptive notes

    33–36 cm. Closely resembles T.sphenura, except golden tinge generally less pronounced on breast and almost lacking on crown and forehead; belly paler, nearly... read more


    Two types of vocalisations are heard in the breeding season. A  song that has been compared to... read more


    Forest, including dense temperate mixed woodland in Japan, and second growth, from coastal regions... read more

    Food and feeding

    Largely frugivorous; also reported to feed on acorns of Quercus and Pasania (Fabaceae). Forages primarily in trees and... read more


    Little information. Nesting commences in May–June in Japan, with territorial calling from mid February. The nest is a flimsy, shallow... read more


    Resident in most of its range, with some local movements in response to food supply. On Hokkaido,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Previously considered Near Threatened. Formerly common, but now uncommon in Japan. Apparently still common in Taiwan. Very rare in N... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). White-bellied Green-pigeon (Treron sieboldii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).