French: Héron impérial German: Kaiserreiher Spanish: Garza ventriblanca
A. O. Hume
Sikkim terai, Bhutan duars, etc
Southern foothills of E Himalayas in Bhutan, NE India and N Myanmar. Formerly occurred widely over C & E India, Nepal (extinct) and at least W & C Myanmar; may occur still in SE Tibet. Individuals visit the Brahmaputra lowlands in winter.
127 cm; bill 152–176 mm. Robust bird with fairly uniform plumage contrasting with white belly. Breeding bird has long silvery or whitish plumes on rear crown and lower... read more
A loud, deep croak, rendered “ock ock ock ock urrrrrr”, or “auk auk auk urrrrrr”, has been... read more
Inland swamps, marshes, terai and stretches of rivers and streams in subtropical broadleaf... read more
Food and feeding
Very little known, but probably specialized in large fish, large crayfish and insects, and perhaps also amphibians, reptiles and small... read more
Very little known, prior to 2007 only three nests had been described (none for over 60 years until 2003), but several nests were discovered... read more
Mostly sedentary, but old records from Toungoo and Pegu (SE Burma) and Tamil Nadu (S India, though... read more
Status and conservation
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Previously considered Endangered. Population thought to number just 50–249 mature individuals (of which c. 50 in Bhutan), despite large potential... read more
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