French: Martin-chasseur de Smyrne German: Braunliest Spanish: Alción de Esmirna
Other common names:
White-throated Kingfisher (when lumped with H. gularis)
Izmir, west Turkey
Subspecies and Distribution
H. s. smyrnensis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – W & S Turkey S to NE Egypt, and from C Iraq E to Pakistan, extreme NE Afghanistan and NW India.
H. s. fusca
(Boddaert, 1783) – India from Uttarakhand to West Bengal and S through W part of peninsula to Sri Lanka.
H. s. perpulchra
Madarász, 1904 – E India to Bangladesh, Myanmar and Indochina, S to Sumatra and W Java.
H. s. saturatior
A. O. Hume, 1874 – Andaman Is.
H. s. fokiensis
Laubmann & Gotz, 1926 – S & E China and islands of Matsu and Kinmen (off Fujian).
26·5–29·5 cm; male 85–88 g (smyrnensis), 76–87 g (fusca), female 110 g (smyrnensis), both sexes 66·5–... read more
Song a loud trill or whistle reeling down scale over c. 2 seconds, followed by short downward-... read more
Uses wide variety of habitats: dams, ponds, canals, creeks, swamps, mudflats, beaches with coconut... read more
Food and feeding
Wide variety of prey recorded. Insects include mole-crickets (Gryllotalpa), crickets and grasshoppers (Locustidae, Tettigidae,... read more
Lays in Jun in Egypt, in Apr–May in Israel and Iraq, Mar–Apr and Jul in Pakistan, mainly in Apr–Jul (Jan–Aug) in... read more
Many populations, from Middle East across to S China (Hong Kong), exhibit partial short-distance... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common throughout its range, and locally abundant, e.g. in India, where densities of between 70 and 145 individuals/km... read more
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