Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

White-browed Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca leucophrys)


French: Pitajo à sourcils blancs German: Graubauch-Schmätzertyrann Spanish: Pitajo gris

F[luvicola]. leucophrys

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Sicasica, La Paz, Bolivia


See O. piurae. Race urubambae perhaps better merged into interior. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. l. dissors J. T. Zimmer, 1940 – extreme S Ecuador (S Azuay, N Loja) and N Peru (upper Marañón Valley).
  • O. l. interior J. T. Zimmer, 1930 – highlands of C Peru (Huánuco, Pasco).
  • O. l. urubambae J. T. Zimmer, 1937 – highlands of C & S Peru (Junín S to NE Ayacucho and Cuzco).
  • O. l. leucometopa P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1877 – W Peru (Ancash) S to N Chile (Arica).
  • O. l. leucophrys (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – highlands of Bolivia.
  • O. l. tucumana Berlepsch, 1906 – highlands of NW Argentina (Salta S to San Juan).
  • Descriptive notes

    14·5–15 cm. Overall the greyest chat-tyrant. Nominate race has conspicuous white frontal area and long and broad supercilium; blackish mask, dark grey or greyish-brown... read more


    Vocalizes frequently; call a piercing “queeuw”, sometimes “keeu keukeukeukeu” in flight; “tee teeti... read more


    Arid montane forest, Polylepis woodland and shrubby stream borders, especially ravines,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Usually singly or in pairs. Usually conspicuous, with slender though upright posture; often jerks or flicks wings and tail.... read more


    Probably Oct–Jan in Peru; Nov–Feb in Argentina. Nest found in Argentina, an open cup made of small twigs, lined with feathers (... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. Occurs in Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary and Huascarán National Park, in Peru, and Madidi National Park, in Bolivia.

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). White-browed Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca leucophrys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).