Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)


White-browed Guan (Penelope jacucaca)


French: Pénélope à front blanc German: Weißbrauenguan Spanish: Pava yacucaca

Penelope jacu-caca


, 1825,

near Poçoens Encima, Bahia, Brazil


Closely related to P. pileata and P. ochrogaster, and all three once considered conspecific. In the past, present species was sometimes thought to be conspecific with P. superciliaris#R. Has hybridized with P. pileata in captivity. Monotypic.


Interior of NE Brazil from S Maranhão E across Piauí, Ceará, Paraíba and Pernambuco, S to Alagoas, Bahia and NE Minas Gerais.

Descriptive notes

65–70 cm. Conspicuous white supercilium with a narrow black line below, separating it from bare skin on sides of face. Sexes may differ in colour of irides, being more... read more


Poorly described in literature until recently, but apparently largely typical of genus. Wing-... read more


Inhabits dry areas of stunted semi-deciduous forest, angical (open woodland largely... read more

Food and feeding

No detailed information available on diet, but apparently visits Ziziphus joazeiro (Rhamnaceae) trees to feed and seeds of ... read more


Very few data available. Season unstated (though see Voice), but lays 2–3 white eggs, mean size 68 mm × 50 mm, mass 92 g, in a... read more


No information available, but presumably sedentary, performing only short-range movements in... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Formerly considered Near Threatened. Total population estimated at fewer than 10,000 individuals. Occurs in three subpopulations: NE of R São Francisco, S... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). White-browed Guan (Penelope jacucaca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2019).