Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-browed Hermit (Phaethornis stuarti)


French: Ermite de Stuart German: Stuarts Zwergschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño boliviano

Phaethornis stuarti

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1897,

Salinas, River Beni, Bolivia


One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Forms a species-group with P. ruber, of which often considered a race; there is very close geographical contact, if not sympatry, and one natural hybrid recorded, but no zone of character introgression. Other close relatives are P. atrimentalis, P. striigularis and P. griseogularis. Monotypic.


SE Peru to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz).

Descriptive notes

c. 9 cm; male 2–2·5 g, female 2–3 g. A small hermit hummingbird very similar to P. ruber, in particular to race longipennis, from which... read more


Song a descending, accelerating series of high-pitched notes, “tseee-tsee-tsee-tsi-ti-tututu”... read more


Understorey of transitional forest (between várzea and terra firme... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods. No detailed information available.


No information available.


No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Very poorly known, and should probably be classed as Data Deficient; research and survey work required. Regularly seen between Cuzco and... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2020). White-browed Hermit (Phaethornis stuarti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).