Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

White-capped Munia (Lonchura ferruginosa)


French: Capucin marron German: Weißkappennonne Spanish: Capuchino coroniblanco

Loxia ferruginosa


, 1789,

“in India Orientali“= Java


Sometimes considered conspecific with L. malacca and/or L. atricapilla, the three taxa being very similar vocally. See remarks under L. malacca. Monotypic.


Java and Bali; few recent records from S Sumatra#R. Introduced in Palau Is.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 10 g. Forehead to nape and face are whitish, upperparts chestnut, edges of uppertail-coverts and central rectrices reddish to reddish-yellow; chin to breast... read more


Call a whistled "veet veet"; song a very quiet, almost inaudible series of clicks and... read more


Grasslands, wetlands with grasses, reeds and sedges (Cyperaceae), rice fields; occurs in marshy... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of grasses, seeding heads, especially rice. Climbs and hops up stems, and reaches forward to seedhead. Often forages in large flocks. read more


Season Dec–Jun in W Java. Courting male, with a stem held in bill, flies around and, when female near, he drops stem, perches near... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common in native range. Introduced in Singapore, apparently unsuccessfully; introduced on Babeldaob (Babelthuap), largest of Palau Is, where... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2019). White-capped Munia (Lonchura ferruginosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).