Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

White-cheeked Antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis)


French: Fourmilier à joues blanches German: Braunweiß-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero cariblanco

Myrmeciza leucaspis

P. L. Sclater

, 1855,

Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia


Until recently treated as conspecific with G. bicolor (which see), although long considered a possible split. DNA study suggests that present species may be sister to G. rufigula#R. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. l. leucaspis (P. L. Sclater, 1855) – C Colombia (Meta).
  • G. l. castaneus J. T. Zimmer, 1937 – SC Colombia (Putumayo), E Ecuador and N Peru (W of R Napo, N of R Marañón).
  • G. l. lateralis Todd, 1927 – SE Colombia (E Caquetá E to S Guainía, S to Amazonas), extreme NE Peru (E of R Napo) and N Brazil N of R Amazon (E to R Negro).
  • G. l. peruanus J. T. Zimmer, 1937 – NC Peru (S of R Marañón in S Amazonas, SW Loreto and San Martín).
  • Descriptive notes

    13·5–14·5 cm; mean of ten birds 23·8 g. Male nominate race has crown and upperparts chestnut-brown, wing and tail edgings more rufous; blackish... read more


    Loudsong a series (e.g. 20 notes, 3·7 seconds) begins with upslurred whistles at even pitch... read more


    Understorey of humid lowland and foothill evergreen forest (primarily terra firme) and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on insects and other arthropods, particularly orthopterans and spiders; less frequently on small frogs and lizards. Forages mostly 0... read more


    Virtually unknown; gonadal condition of females and presence of fledglings or juveniles indicate breeding in all months in E Ecuador (... read more


    None recorded; presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common throughout its extensive range. Occurs in numerous formally protected large areas, e.g. Yasuní National Park, in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K., Isler, M.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-cheeked Antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).