Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

White-cheeked Bullfinch (Pyrrhula leucogenis)


French: Bouvreuil des Philippines German: Weißwangengimpel Spanish: Camachuelo filipino

Pyrrhula leucogenis


, 1895,

mountains of Lepanto, northern Luzon, Philippines


Two proposed races from Mindanao, coriaria (described from Mt Kitanglad) and apo (from Mt Apo), both synonymized with steerei. Species name sometimes spelt “leucogenys”, but this is an unjustified emendation. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. l. leucogenis Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 – Cordillera Mts and Zambales Mts, in N Luzon (N Philippines).
  • P. l. steerei Mearns, 1909 – Mt Malindang, Mt Kitanglad, Mt Hilong-Hilong, Mt Apo and Mt Mayo, in Mindanao (S Philippines).
  • Present also, race uncertain (perhaps nominate), on Panay, in WC Philippines.

    Descriptive notes

    15–16·5 cm; one male 19 g. Medium-sized, blunt-billed dark bullfinch with pale cheek and slightly notched tail. Male nominate race has forehead, lores, chin and... read more


    Fairly vocal and conspicuous. Calls include ringing "pee yuu", also longer and louder,... read more


    Montane moist oak (Quercus) and mossy forests and forest edges on hillsides and valleys;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet little known; recorded as eating small berries in fruiting trees, young fruits of Viburnum glaberrimum, also tiny flowers and... read more


    Birds in breeding condition Mar–Apr. No other information.


    Partial altitudinal migrant; in non-breeding season moves to lower levels.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Luzon EBA and Mindanao and the Eastern Visayas EBA. Scarce, uncommon or locally common.

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). White-cheeked Bullfinch (Pyrrhula leucogenis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).