Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Ariane à poitrine blanche German: Kurzschnabelamazilie Spanish: Amazilia pechiblanca
Taxonomy:

Ornismya brevirostris

Lesson

, 1830,

Guyana

.

Sometimes placed in genus Agyrtria. Species has normally been listed as A. chionopectus, as name brevirostris was believed to refer to A. versicolor with an erroneous type locality. With rectification of name and consequent revised type locality, race formerly listed as whitelyi becomes nominate, with whitelyi as a synonym. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. b. chionopectus (Gould, 1859) – Trinidad.
  • A. b. brevirostris (Lesson, 1830) – E Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and extreme N Brazil (NE Roraima).
  • A. b. orienticola Todd, 1942 – coastal French Guiana.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; male 4·6 g, female 4·4 g, unsexed 3–5 g (Trinidad). Male has straight, short, almost blackish bill; crown and cheeks iridescent turquoise-... read more

    Voice

    Song variable, but always with a diagnostic sound quality difficult to describe, nasal and squeaky... read more

    Habitat

    Inhabits rainforest, semi-deciduous forest, and gallery forest, second growth, scrub, savanna and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Forages for nectar at larger trees, including Erythrina and Samanea, smaller trees like Calliandra, herbs such... read more

    Breeding

    At least Dec–Apr. Nest cup-shaped, made of greyish plant fibres, decorated with lichen; placed on horizontal branch 1–7 m above... read more

    Movements

    No information available; most populations probably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Generally a common resident in semi-open, coastal areas. One of the commonest trochilids on Trinidad; adapts readily to man... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A. & Boesman, P. (2018). White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55494 on 11 December 2018).