French: Martinet à collier blanc German: Halsbandsegler Spanish: Vencejo acollarado
Subspecies and Distribution
S. z. mexicana
Ridgway, 1910 – S Mexico (Guerrero and Veracruz) to Belize.
S. z. bouchellii
Huber, 1923 – Honduras S to Panama.
S. z. pallidifrons
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1896) – Greater Antilles and, locally, Lesser Antilles (Saba, Grenadines, Grenada).
S. z. minor
(Lawrence, 1882) – cordilleras of N Venezuela; Trinidad.
S. z. albicincta
(Cabanis, 1862) – lowland Venezuela (S of Andes and cordilleras), Margarita I, and the Guianas.
S. z. subtropicalis
Parkes, 1994 – Sierra de Perijá, and middle elevations in Andes from Colombia (including Santa Marta Mts) and W Venezuela (Mérida) S to Peru.
S. z. altissima
Chapman, 1914 – high elevations of Andes in Colombia and Ecuador.
S. z. kuenzeli
Niethammer, 1953 –
high elevations in Bolivian Andes and NW Argentina; and presumably this race recently discovered in Andes of C Chile#R.
S. z. zonaris
(Shaw, 1796) – lowlands in Bolivia, S Brazil and C & E Paraguay.
20–22 cm; 85·75–107 g (race minor); wingspan 48–53 cm. Large swift with sturdy body, broad wings and shallowly forked tail; blackish plumage... read more
Quite vocal, especially when in groups, with several loud calls somewhat reminiscent of a parakeet... read more
Within large range often montane or submontane, to 4350 m in Andes, and from sea-level to 2500 m in... read more
Food and feeding
Two digestive tracts obtained in Mexico contained 842 and 538 individual insects with one spider. Orders Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera... read more
Breeding season in Argentina, Nov–Jan; adults in breeding condition, Rio Grande do Sul (S Brazil), early Oct; sexually active,... read more
Partly migratory, with various forms of dispersal in different populations. Some altitudinal... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common to abundant throughout much of extensive range, though race pallidifrons of West Indies scarce in parts, and... read more
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