Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Vulnerable

White-crested Guan (Penelope pileata)


Taxonomy

French: Pénélope à poitrine rousse German: Weißschopfguan Spanish: Pava crestiblanca
Taxonomy:

Penelope pileata

Wagler

, 1830,

state of Pará, Brazil

.

Closely related to P. ochrogaster and P. jacucaca, and all three once considered conspecific. Has hybridized in captivity with, at least, P. superciliaris, P. marail, P. jacucaca, P. jacquacu and P. purpurascens, and even with Crax alberti. Monotypic.

Distribution:

NC Brazil S of R Amazon, from lower R Madeira E to Maranhão and S to S Pará and W Tocantins.

Descriptive notes

75–82·5 cm; 1100–1600 g. Most colourful member of genus, with marked contrast between glossy dark greenish-olive on most of upperparts and rich chestnut-... read more

Voice

Only published description based on captive-bred birds; typically raucous or braying cries, given... read more

Habitat

Principally found in terra firme forest in lowlands up to c. 800 m in Serra dos Caraj... read more

Food and feeding

No published information available, but has been observed feeding on corn put out for domestic chickens.

Breeding

Well-grown young seen in Mar in NC Brazil. Lays four eggs in captivity, although three probably commoner; eggs laid on alternate days;... read more

Movements

No information available, but presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Population estimated at c. 10,000 individuals, but known range has been dramatically increased through recent fieldwork, having been discovered as far E as Maranh... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). White-crested Guan (Penelope pileata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53292 on 21 July 2018).