French: Énicure de Leschenault German: Weißscheitel-Scherenschwanz Spanish: Torrentero coroniblanco
Subspecies and Distribution
E. l. indicus
E. J. O. Hartert, 1910 – #RE Himalayas (from Sikkim and N West Bengal) E to Myanmar, S China (Yunnan), W, N & E Thailand and Indochina.
E. l. sinensis
Gould, 1866 – S & E China (E from extreme E Qinghai, S Gansu and Sichuan to Zhejiang and Guangdong), including Hainan.
E. l. frontalis
Blyth, 1847 – C & S Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Nias I, and lowland Borneo.
E. l. chaseni
Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 – Batu Is, off W Sumatra.
E. l. leschenaulti
(Vieillot, 1818) – White-crowned Forktail – Java and Bali.
E. l. borneensis
Sharpe, 1889 – Bornean Forktail – upland Borneo.
25–28 cm; 27–38 g (up to 53 g also reported). Long, deeply forked but evenly graduated tail with white tips, outer feathers white. Nominate race has white crown,... read more
Song an elaborate series of sweet high-pitched whistles, “tsswi’i’i’-lli... read more
Fast-flowing rocky rivers, streams, brooks and rivulets through dense dark evergreen forest, even... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, including black beetles, water crickets, springtails and caterpillars. Forages in water, along water’s edge, on rocks and... read more
Apr–Jun in Himalayas, to Jul in S China; Apr in Myanmar; Apr and Aug in Peninsular Malaysia; Mar in Borneo, but breeding-condition... read more
Sedentary in most of range, but probably some elevational shifts with season; seasonal movements in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Scarce in Himalayas, but relatively common in hills in S Assam (NE India). Common in China. Fairly common throughout most of SE Asian range. In... read more
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