Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis)


French: Pione à couronne blanche German: Glatzenkopfpapagei Spanish: Loro senil

Psittacus senilis


, 1824,

Veracruz, Mexico


A member of the P. menstruus group (which see). Populations from Belize and adjacent parts of Yucatán S to Panama formerly awarded race decoloratus. Monotypic.


NE Mexico (S Tamaulipas) S, mainly on Caribbean slope, to W Panama (Chiriquí, Bocas del Toro).

Descriptive notes

24 cm; 193–229 g. Lores, forehead and mid-crown white; bare orbital ring flesh yellow; face and nape dark green finely edged blue; upper breast patch white; remainder... read more


Flight call is a repeated, loud, strident “crreet!”. When perched, has a wider variety of ‘... read more


Humid tropical evergreen forest, pine-oak woodland and cloud forest, pine savanna, riverine forest... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits, seeds and nuts such as ripening seeds of Inga, Erythrina, palms and Dendropanax.


Mar in Mexico; Feb–May in Belize, and probably also Guatemala; Jan–Apr in Costa Rica. Nest in hole in tree or, probably by... read more


Unclear patterns reported in Mexico, where in one winter (1950) all records were at 1250–1560... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally common, perhaps reaching maximum abundance in Costa Rica, where even in urban outskirts. Possibly now extinct in W Nicaragua... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).