French: Tohi oreillard German: Weißohr-Grundammer Spanish: Toquí orejiblanco
Hitherto treated as conspecific with M. occipitalis. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
M. l. nigrior
W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925 – NC highlands of Nicaragua; perhaps this race also EC Honduras#R.
M. l. leucotis
Cabanis, 1861 – highlands of Costa Rica.
17·5–19 cm; 39·9–43 g. A large, chunky sparrow with large feet, and much black on fore parts. Nominate race has head mostly black, large bright whitish spot on lores, broken... read more
Most vocal close to dawn (which is also true of M. occipitalis). Song consists of... read more
Found in montane evergreen forest, dark thickets, moist ravines, low scrubby growth, at edges of... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, spiders (Araneae) and other arthropods, also seeds. Females observed feeding both insects (e.g., moths) and fruits (e.g., ... read more
Season late Mar–Sept in Costa Rica. Nest of two types: (1) a large bulky bowl of dead leaves, stems and thin twigs, lined with finer... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally fairly common and population is believed to be stable.
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