French: Saphir à oreilles blanches German: Purpurstirn-Saphirkolibri Spanish: Colibrí orejiblanco
Brazil; error = Orizaba, Veracruz.
Closely related to B. xantusii. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
B. l. borealis
(Griscom, 1929) – N Mexico (E Sonora, W Chihuahua, and S Coahuila to SW Tamaulipas); rarely to SW USA (SE Arizona).
B. l. leucotis
(Vieillot, 1818) – highlands of C & S Mexico (S from Durango and San Luis Potosí) to Guatemala.
B. l. pygmaea
Simon & Hellmayr, 1908 – highlands of El Salvador, Honduras and NC Nicaragua.
9–10 cm; male c. 3·6 g, female c. 3·2 g. Male has straight bill, red, tipped black; forehead glittering violet, white postocular stripe, ear-coverts... read more
Song a series of a repeated (usually doubled) notes, “chi-dit..chi-dit..chi-dit...” or simply “tink... read more
Pine–oak forest, pine–evergreen forest, clearings, at 1200–3500 m. Forages in low... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on nectar of flowering Agave, Bidens, various Salvia species, Penstemon, Cuphea and... read more
Mar–Aug in N & C Mexico; May–Aug and Nov–Feb, possibly all year round, in S Mexico; Aug–Dec for race ... read more
Some migratory activity in northern part of range, where species is most abundant from Apr to Oct,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common and widespread throughout much of range. No immediate threat recorded; however, parts of its forest habitat are under threat of... read more
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