Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

White-eyed Antwren (Epinecrophylla leucophthalma)


Taxonomy

French: Myrmidon aux yeux blancs German: Weißaugen-Ameisenschlüpfer Spanish: Hormiguerito ojiblanco
Taxonomy:

Formicivora leucophthalma

Pelzeln

, 1868,

Salto do Girão = Salto do Jirau, Rondônia, Brazil

.

With exception of distinctive phaeonota, morphological distinctions among races are not clear, and ranges given below are tentative; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. l. leucophthalma (Pelzeln, 1868) – NW & E Peru (isolated population along R Morona, NW Loreto#R, E of R Ucayali), W Brazil S of R Amazon (E to lower R Madeira and drainage of R Aripuanã) and NW & NE Bolivia (Pando, NE Santa Cruz).
  • E. l. dissita (J. Bond, 1950) – SE Peru (Puno) and adjacent Bolivia (La Paz).
  • E. l. phaeonota (Todd, 1927) – S Amazonian Brazil from lower R Madeira E to lower R Tapajós.
  • E. l. sordida (Todd, 1927) – lower R Tapajós E to lower R Tocantins.
  • Descriptive notes

    9·5–11 cm; 8–10·5 g. Male nominate race has grey-brown crown and upperparts, reddish remiges and tail; wing-coverts blackish-brown with large cinnamon-tinged... read more

    Voice

    Loudsong a moderately long series (e.g. 15 notes, 4 seconds) of downslurred notes, first one... read more

    Habitat

    Understorey of lowland evergreen forest (terra firme, transitional), to 700 m, rarely to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on insects and spiders; analysis of stomach contents of 18 specimens from Peru and Bolivia revealed that commonest prey were katydids... read more

    Breeding

    Almost nothing known. Nest-building reported from Peru (Cocha Cashu, in Madre de Dios) 15th-20th Oct.

    Movements

    None recorded; presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common throughout its rather large range. Within this are several sizeable protected areas, such as Manu National Park and Biosphere Reserve... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2018). White-eyed Antwren (Epinecrophylla leucophthalma). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56723 on 15 December 2018).