French: Goéland à iris blanc German: Weißaugenmöwe Spanish: Gaviota ojiblanca
Red Sea coasts
Red Sea from Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqaba (Tiran) S into Gulf of Aden, breeding on islands and islets in Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Somalia. In winter disperses throughout the breeding range#R#R.
39–43 cm; 275–415 g; wingspan 110–115 cm. A dark, slender, long-billed gull, slightly larger than L. ridibundus but smaller, flatter crowned and... read more
Resembles L. hemprichii but less harsh and deep. Long-call a “kioow”, repeated 12–16 times... read more
Coastal, breeding especially on inshore islands, where it occupies bare rock and sandflats. Less... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fish; also some crabs, molluscs and annelids; even some fruits (Nitraria retusa) in Egypt. Feeds mainly by plunge-diving... read more
Season Jun–Sept, at least in Saudi Arabia; lays mainly in Jul, hatching complete by late Aug. Single-brooded, but can lay replacement... read more
Mostly sedentary but there is some dispersal and wandering, both N and S. Adults tend to remain... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. According to BirdLife International, the global population, assessed in 2002, excluding Eritrea, is c. 12,000... read more
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