French: Goéland à iris blanc German: Weißaugenmöwe Spanish: Gaviota ojiblanca
Red Sea coasts
Red Sea from Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqaba (Tiran) S into Gulf of Aden, breeding on islands and islets in Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Somalia. In winter disperses throughout the breeding range#R#R.
39–43 cm; 275–415 g; wingspan 110–115 cm. A dark, slender, long-billed gull, slightly larger than the Black-headed Gull L. ridibundus but smaller,... read more
Resembles the Sooty Gull L. hemprichii but less harsh and deep. The long-call is a "kioow... read more
Coastal, breeding especially on inshore islands, where it occupies bare rock and sandflats. It is... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fish; also some crabs, molluscs and annelids; even some fruits (Nitraria retusa). Feeds mainly by plunge-diving from... read more
Season June–August, at least in Saudi Arabia; lays mainly in July, hatching complete by late August. First clutches may be laid as... read more
Mostly sedentary but there is some dispersal and wandering, both northwards and southwards. Adults... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. According to BirdLife International, the global population, assessed in 2002, excluding Eritrea, is c. 12,000... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!