Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

White-eyed Parakeet (Psittacara leucophthalmus)


French: Conure pavouane German: Pavuasittich Spanish: Aratinga ojiblanca
Other common names: White-eyed Conure

Psittacus leucophthalmus

Statius Müller

, 1776,



Probably close to P. finschi, with which has been considered conspecific. Possibly closely related also to P. chloropterus (see both). Nominate race intergrades with callogenys throughout C Amazonia. Form nicefori sometimes synonymized with callogenys#R; has been thought possibly aberrant form of latter or perhaps hybrid between present species and P. wagleri#R. Proposed race propinquus probably represents S extreme of a cline of increasing size. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. l. nicefori (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) – known only from type specimen, from Guaicaramo (Cundinamarca–Meta border), in C Colombia.
  • P. l. callogenys (Salvadori, 1891) – SE Colombia, E Ecuador, NW Peru and extreme NW Brazil into C Amazonia (S of Amazon).
  • P. l. leucophthalmus (Statius Müller, 1776) – E Venezuela and the Guianas through Brazil (except upper Amazon Basin and dry NE) to N & E Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina (S to Catamarca and Entre Ríos) and Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    32–35 cm; 100–218 g. Green, paler below; some red flecking on head and neck; bare orbital ring greyish white; bend and edge of wing and outermost lesser underwing... read more


    Sharp squeaky notes and loud harsh calls “scree-ah”, noisy chattering, overall with a rather shrill... read more


    Forest edge and adjacent savanna, scrub forest, secondary growth, deciduous or gallery woodland,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruit, e.g. of Goupia glabra, Tetragastris altissima, Allanotoma lineata, Norantea guianensis, ... read more


    Feb in the Guianas; possibly Jul–Aug in Peru; Jan–Mar in SW Brazil; around Nov in Argentina. Nest in hole in tree, sometimes... read more


    Appears in thousands at one locality in French Guiana in Jun–Aug in response to palm fruiting. read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common over much of enormous range, perhaps most numerous in W Amazonia and least so at N edges of range, being very local... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). White-eyed Parakeet (Psittacara leucophthalmus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 April 2019).