French: Aigrette à face blanche German: Weißwangenreiher Spanish: Garceta cariblanca
Ardea novae Hollandiae
New South Wales, Australia
Subspecies and Distribution
E. n. novaehollandiae
(Latham, 1790) – S Moluccas and Lesser Sundas through S New Guinea to Australia (except NW), New Zealand and New Caledonia; also Norfolk I, Lord Howe I, Chatham Is and probably Christmas I (Indian Ocean); apparently expanding its range, with resident populations becoming established in SW Pacific (Tonga since 1988, Fiji since 1997)#R; also disperses widely, reaching Solomon Is and Sulawesi, and recently SE China (Xiamen I)#R.
E. n. parryi
(Mathews, 1912) – NW Australia.
58–69 cm; 500–550 g; wingspan 106 cm. Compared to Ardea cinerea, present species is smaller and more slender, with an overall more graceful appearance... read more
Commonest vocalization is a “graak” or “graaw” given in flight, during intraspecific interactions... read more
Very variable, including almost any kind of wetland with shallow water, fresh or brackish,... read more
Food and feeding
Generalist diet includes small fish, amphibians (including introduced Australian Hyla tree frogs in New Zealand), aquatic insects... read more
In Australia season related to rains and local flooding, mainly Oct–Dec in S, later in N, but breeding in virtually all months across... read more
Largely sedentary, with wide-ranging nomadic movements. Most birds from coastal parts of Victoria,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Commonest heron in Australia; almost ubiquitous. In Australia and New Zealand, has benefited from clearing of woodlands,... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!