Family Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Least Concern

White-faced Jay (Garrulus leucotis)


French: Geai leucotique German: Weißgesicht-Eichelhäher Spanish: Arrendajo cariblanco

Garrulus leucotis

A. O. Hume

, 1874,

no locality = Kyauknyat, Tenasserim


Hitherto treated as conspecific with G. glandarius and G. bispecularis. Differs from G. g. atricapillus and G. g. cervicalis in its blue-and-black barred area of middle of secondaries vs white (3); buffy-rufous vs grey-tinged whitish underparts (2); more extensive black on crown (narrower white supercilium) and nape (forming an upper black collar) (1); markedly shorter tail (allow 3); and apparently unique disyllabic or double-note whistled call (2). Differs from G. bispecularis in its black-streaked white vs plain buffy-rufous forehead (2); black vs plain buffy-rufous crown and nape (3); white vs whitish buffy-pink face and throat with clear division from upper breast (2); greyer upperparts (ns[1]); larger bill (allow 1); and apparently unique double whistle (2)#R; however, G. b. oatesi, apparently known from three specimens and a small area of NW Myanmar, appears to represent a hybrid population, sharing characters of both species. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

C & E Myanmar, S China (S Yunnan), Thailand and C & S Indochina.

Descriptive notes

c. 33 cm. Adult has central crown to nape black, and broad black malar band; rest of head, down to throat and uppermost breast, white with irregular blackish streaking;... read more


Most frequent vocalization is a harsh grating call, sometimes repeated one or more times. Other... read more


Open broadleaf forest, pine forest, mixed deciduous and evergreen/pine forest, also edge habitats;... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous. During breeding period feeds mainly on invertebrates, especially caterpillars and beetles (Coleoptera) gleaned from tree... read more


Season Mar–May. Nest an untidy broad cup consisting mainly of twigs, placed c. 8 m up in shrub or sapling. Clutch 3–6 eggs, pale yellowish... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common throughout its reasonably large range. This species’ total population has not been quantified, but it has not... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). White-faced Jay (Garrulus leucotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).