Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

White-fronted Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias zeledoni)


French: Tyranneau de Zeledon German: Weißstirn-Kleintyrann Spanish: Mosquerito de Zeledón

Pogonotriccus (?) zeledoni


, 1869,

Dota, Costa Rica


Usually treated as conspecific with P. burmeisteri, but see above; from online evidence, birds singing like zeledoni penetrate as far S as La Paz, Bolivia, where could intergrade with P. burmeisteri#R; “leucogonys group” long recognized as distinctive, and sometimes treated as separate species#R. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. z. zeledoni (Lawrence, 1869) – Zeledon's Tyrannulet – Costa Rica and W Panama (Chiriquí).
  • P. z. wetmorei (Aveledo & Pons, 1953) – Santa Marta Mts#R and Sierra de Perijá, on Colombia–Venezuela border.
  • P. z. viridiceps (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1944) – mountains of N Venezuela (Carabobo to Miranda).
  • P. z. bunites (Wetmore & Phelps, Jr, 1956) – Chimantá-tepui, in SE Bolívar (E Venezuela).
  • P. z. leucogonys (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1871) – White-fronted Tyrannulet – E Andes from Colombia S to SE Peru (NW Puno).
  • Descriptive notes

    10·7–11·5 cm; 9·8–10·8 g. Crown and hindneck slate-coloured, upperparts olive-green, two wingbars, white forehead, dull white throat, olive breast and sides, and yellow... read more


    In Peru, song is reported to be a high, squeaky “wseeu”, sometimes given in rapid series. Elsewhere... read more


    Humid tropical and upper tropical evergreen forest, sometimes venturing to edges and older second... read more

    Food and feeding

    No known differences from P. burmeisteri, but very poorly studied. In Venezuela, joins mixed-species flocks containing other... read more


    Few data. Nestbuilding in early Aug in Panama, a cup-shaped structure 12 m above ground on a horizontal canopy branch of a live tree,... read more


    Apparently resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Very uncommon to rare, and local, in Venezuela, Colombia and Peru; uncommon to locally common elsewhere; perhaps often overlooked.... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-fronted Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias zeledoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).