Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

White Imperial-pigeon (Ducula luctuosa)


French: Carpophage luctuose German: Elsterfruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula luctuosa
Other common names: Silver-tipped Imperial-pigeon

Columba luctuosa


, 1824,



Clearly very closely related to D. bicolor (which see), D. spilorrhoa and D. subflavescens. Range apparently overlaps with that of D. bicolor in parts of Sulawesi (e.g. Gorontalo, Bumbulan), where the two are segregated by habitat preferences, but clearer evidence to confirm sympatry needed. Monotypic.


Sulawesi, including islands off NE (Manadotua, Manterawu, Talisei, Bangka, Lembeh) and SE (Muna, Labuan Blanda, Butung), E to Banggai Is and Sula Is.

Descriptive notes

37–48 cm; 410 g. General body plumage white; flight-feathers silvery grey, edged black; many feathers of tibial and ventral regions are largely black, giving smudged or... read more


A repeated, single, low-pitched overslurred hoot, “whoOow”, lasting c. 0·7 seconds, which is... read more


Open woodland, forest edge and cultivated areas in lowlands, up to 475 m; sometimes roosts in... read more

Food and feeding

No information available on diet, which is assumed to be similar to those of D. bicolor and D. spilorrhoa. Feeds on... read more


Little information. Breeding reported in Sept on Butung, and Oct on Muna.


No information.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Poorly known. Species reported to be widespread and generally uncommon in Sulawesi, though can be locally or seasonally common;... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Bonan, A., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). White Imperial-pigeon (Ducula luctuosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).