Cayenne, French Guiana.
This species and T. coronatus are sister-species, and T. phoenicius is sister to both these. Despite extensive range, no regular geographical variation identified. Monotypic.
SE Nicaragua, Costa Rica (Caribbean coast), SW Panama (Caribbean slope and locally on Pacific slope), Colombia (N & NE, including base of Santa Marta Mts, most of Andean region, and locally E of Andes in llanos) and Venezuela (except S, including Margarita I) E to Trinidad and Tobago, the Guianas, and E Brazil (W Mato Grosso S to N Paraná) S to extreme E Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina (S to N Buenos Aires); also isolated populations in NW & SE Ecuador and N & SE Peru.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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