French: Pépoaza irupéro German: Weißnonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita blanca
Río Plata, Paraguay.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
X. i. irupero
(Vieillot, 1823) – C & SE Bolivia, NE & C Argentina (S to Mendoza and Río Negro), Paraguay, S & SE Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.
X. i. niveus
(Spix, 1825) – E Brazil (Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte S to N Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo).
17–18 cm; 21–29·5 g. Male is pure white, except for black primaries, primary coverts and tip of notched tail; iris dark brown; bill and legs black.... read more
Usually silent; weak “ghiks” a whining “piew”; breeding male has soft, repeated dawn song, “preeeyp... read more
Savannas, open and semi-open grassland, and pastures with scattered trees and bushes, often along... read more
Food and feeding
Insects. Perches conspicuously on treetops, bushes and wires; hides among dense and spiny vegetation if threatened or chased. Drops to... read more
Sept–Dec in Argentina; nest in Nov and another being built in Aug in Uruguay. Nest a large open cup of twigs, grass and similar,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Rare to fairly common or common. Common in pantanal in Paraguay and Argentina; rare in E Brazil (race niveus). Occurs in many national parks... read more
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