Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

White Monjita (Xolmis irupero)


Taxonomy

French: Pépoaza irupéro German: Weißnonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita blanca
Taxonomy:

T[yrannus]. irupero

Vieillot

, 1823,

Río Plata, Paraguay

.

Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. i. irupero (Vieillot, 1823) – C & SE Bolivia, NE & C Argentina (S to Mendoza and Río Negro), Paraguay, S & SE Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.
  • X. i. niveus (Spix, 1825) – E Brazil (Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte S to N Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo).
  • Descriptive notes

    17–18 cm; 21–29·5 g. Male is pure white, except for black prima­ries, primary coverts and tip of notched tail; iris dark brown; bill and legs black.... read more

    Voice

    Usually silent; weak “ghiks” a whining “piew”; breeding male has soft, repeated dawn song, “preeeyp... read more

    Habitat

    Savannas, open and semi-open grassland, and pastures with scattered trees and bushes, often along... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Perches conspicuously on treetops, bushes and wires; hides among dense and spiny vegetation if threatened or chased. Drops to... read more

    Breeding

    Sept–Dec in Argentina; nest in Nov and another being built in Aug in Uruguay. Nest a large open cup of twigs, grass and similar,... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Rare to fairly common or common. Common in pantanal in Paraguay and Argentina; rare in E Brazil (race niveus). Occurs in many national parks... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). White Monjita (Xolmis irupero). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57428 on 6 December 2019).