Family Cranes (Gruidae)


White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio)


French: Grue à cou blanc German: Weißnackenkranich Spanish: Grulla cuelliblanca

Grus vipio


, 1811,





NE Mongolia, NE China and SE Russia; has bred once in N Japan (Hokkaido)#R. Winters in Korea, S Japan (Kyushu) and CE China (along middle and lower R Yangtze).

Descriptive notes

120–153 cm; 4750–6500 g; wingspan 160–210 cm. Slate grey body with white throat and distinctive vertical white stripe from crown down back of neck; iris orange.... read more


Emits high-pitched, penetrating calls as well as growling contact calls given at short range. Loud... read more


Breeds in shallow open wetlands and wet meadows in broad river valleys and along lake edges. Also... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on roots and tubers of sedges and other wetland plants; also insects, small vertebrates, seeds and rice gleanings. During non-... read more


Spring breeder, with eggs laid from Apr to late May. Nest is mound of dried sedges and grasses in open wetlands. Usually two eggs;... read more


Birds from E portion of breeding range migrate through Korean Peninsula: several hundreds... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES I and II. Global population is small but its exact size is not known precisely. Total population has been estimated at 5500–6500 individuals, based on... read more

Recommended citation

Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).