Family Cranes (Gruidae)

Vulnerable

White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio)


Taxonomy

French: Grue à cou blanc German: Weißnackenkranich Spanish: Grulla cuelliblanca
Taxonomy:

Grus vipio

Pallas

, 1811,

Transbaikalia

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

NE Mongolia, NE China and SE Russia; has bred once in N Japan (Hokkaido)#R. Winters in Korea, S Japan (Kyushu) and CE China (along middle and lower R Yangtze).

Descriptive notes

125+ cm; 4750–6500 g; wingspan 200–210 cm. Slate grey body with white throat and distinctive vertical white stripe from crown down back of neck; iris orange.... read more

Voice

Emits high-pitched penetrating calls as well as growling contact calls given at short-range.... read more

Habitat

Breeds in shallow open wetlands and wet meadows in broad river valleys and along lake edges. Also... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on roots and tubers of sedges and other wetland plants; also insects, small vertebrates, seeds and rice gleanings. During non-... read more

Breeding

Spring breeder, with eggs laid from Apr to late May. Nest is mound of dried sedges and grasses in open wetlands. Usually 2 eggs; incubation... read more

Movements

Birds from E portion of breeding range migrate through Korean Peninsula: several hundred birds... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES I and II. Global population is small but its exact size is not known precisely. Total population has been estimated at 5500–6500 individuals, based on... read more

Recommended citation

Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). White-naped Crane (Antigone vipio). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53559 on 17 October 2018).