Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


White-naped Pheasant-pigeon (Otidiphaps aruensis)


French: Otidiphaps à cou blanc German: Weißnacken-Fasantaube Spanish: Paloma faisán cuelliblanca

Otidiphaps nobilis aruensis


, 1928,

Aru Islands


Affinities uncertain. Hitherto considered one of four distinctive subspecies grouped under the name O. nobilis, but here treated as full species (see under O. nobilis). The form aruensis (Aru Is) differs from nobilis in its white vs glossy amethyst/greenish hindneck (3); much less coppery nuchal area to mantle (2); greenish-blue vs purplish-blue breast (2); slightly paler, less maroon-tinged mantle (ns[1]); and shorter, virtually undetectable crest (1, scored as a mensural character, not plumage character). Monotypic.


Aru Is.

Descriptive notes

43–48 cm. The four pheasant-pigeons Otidiphaps spp. are unique amongst pigeons in having a laterally compressed pheasant-like tail of 20–22 feathers, and long... read more


No differences known between the present species and other members of O. nobilis complex.


Inhabits rainforest, where it forages on the forest floor.

Food and feeding

Consumes seeds and fallen fruit.


No information available. Presumably nests on ground and lays only a single egg, as does O. cervicalis.


Resident and sedentary.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Population estimated at 2500–10,000 birds. Preferred habitat is primary rainforest and deforestation would negatively affect this species. Large tracts of forest... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). White-naped Pheasant-pigeon (Otidiphaps aruensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 November 2019).