Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora)


French: Colibri jacobin German: Weißnackenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí nuquiblanco

Trochilus mellivorus


, 1758,

India; error = Suriname


Numerous races described, but almost all now lumped into nominate. Only Tobago birds, distinguishable by larger size, are generally separated, although some birds from Santa Marta Mts (NE Colombia) apparently as large; name tobagensis is a frequently used synonym of flabellifera. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. m. mellivora (Linnaeus, 1758) – S Mexico (from S Veracruz and N Oaxaca) to Panama and Colombia, S to W Ecuador, SE Peru and N Bolivia, and E to Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil.
  • F. m. flabellifera (Gould, 1846) – Tobago.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; male 7·4–9 g, female 6–9·2 g. Bill and feet black. Adult male with head and chest blue, broad white crescent on nape; rest of... read more


    Rather silent. Song a long series of high-pitched single notes, repeated at rate of c. 0.7–1 note/... read more


    Humid forest canopy and borders, nesting in understorey; semi-open habitats of various types, e.g.... read more

    Food and feeding

    Visits flowers of a variety of trees, including Lisianthus axillaris (Gentianaceae), Pseudobombax septenatum (Bombaceae... read more


    Dry to early wet seasons: Jan–Jun or Jul in Costa Rica and Panama; Feb–May in NW Colombia, Jun and Nov in E Colombia; Mar in S... read more


    Not well understood. In many areas reported to be common during some seasons, rare to absent in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Uncommon to common, at least seasonally, over most of its broad range and appears well able to use disturbed and man-made... read more

    Recommended citation

    Stiles, F.G., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).