Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Least Concern

White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis)


French: Merle à col blanc German: Halbringdrossel Spanish: Zorzal cuelliblanco sureño

Turdus albicollis


, 1818,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Until recently included T. assimilis as a subspecies group. Race daguae has been given separate species status#R#R or assigned to T. assimilis, but on vocal evidence#R and rufous-tinted upperpart coloration belongs with present species. S races contemptus, paraguayensis, crotopezus and nominate differ in their irregularly dull-orange-washed flanks and slightly grey-tinged crown, but are equally weakly differentiated in voice. Eight subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. a. daguae Berlepsch, 1897 – Dagua Thrush – E Panama S to NW Ecuador.
  • T. a. phaeopygoides Seebohm, 1881 – NE Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago.
  • T. a. phaeopygus Cabanis, 1849 – Grey-flanked Thrush – E Colombia E to the Guianas and N Amazonian Brazil.
  • T. a. spodiolaemus Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 – E Ecuador and W Brazil S to N Bolivia.
  • T. a. contemptus Hellmayr, 1902 – S Bolivia; recently recorded in Puno, SW Peru#R.
  • T. a. paraguayensis (C. Chubb, 1910) – SW Brazil (Mato Grosso), E Paraguay and extreme NE Argentina (Misiones, N Corrientes).
  • T. a. crotopezus M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 – E Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia and Espírito Santo).
  • T. a. albicollis Vieillot, 1818 – Rufous-flanked Thrush – SE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro S to Rio Grande do Sul) and C & E Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    20·5–26 cm; 40–84·5 g. Nominate race has forehead and face blackish brown, shading to dark brown upperparts; blackish-streaked white throat meeting... read more


    Song regularly delivered in midday hours (from perch in lower or midstorey), a simple, rather... read more


    Wooded cover, rarely venturing far into open. Inhabits undergrowth, lower storeys and occasionally... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, earthworms and other invertebrates; also much fruit, including that of Euterpe edulis, Cordia, Myrica... read more


    May–Jun in Colombia; Apr–Jun in Venezuela; adult incubating in late Mar in Eduador; on Trinidad all months except Sept–... read more


    Generally sedentary, albeit with some elevational movement reported (e.g. Brazil), but race ... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common E of Andes. In Venezuela uncommon locally to fairly common, and widespread in lowlands S of R Orinoco,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Marks, J.S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).