Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

White-plumed Antbird (Pithys albifrons)


French: Fourmilier manikup German: Weißgesicht-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero cuerniblanco

Pipra albifrons


, 1766,

Cayenne, French Guiana


Populations from NW Amazonia sometimes separated as race brevibarba, but appear to intergrade with peruvianus over wide area; apparent intermediates between peruvianus and nominate have also been found in region of upper R Negro (NW Brazil), although extent of intergradation unclear. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. a. peruvianus Taczanowski, 1884 – extreme W Venezuela (E Táchira), Colombia (along entire E base of Andes and S from Caquetá and Guainía), NW Amazonian Brazil (W of R Negro), E Ecuador, and N & C Peru (N of R Amazon and R Marañón, and along base of Andes S to Ayacucho).
  • P. a. albifrons (Linnaeus, 1766) – S Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas), the Guianas and Brazil N of R Amazon (E bank of R Negro E to Amapá).
  • Descriptive notes

    11·5–12·5 cm; 18–23 g. Adult has long, upright white tufts on both sides of forehead, shorter tufts below chin; crown and ear-coverts down to throat side black,... read more


    Loudsong a moderate-length (e.g. 0·55 seconds) whistle, dropping slightly in pitch, repeated... read more


    Understorey of humid lowland and foothill evergreen forest and adjacent tall second-growth woodland... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on variety of insects and other arthropods, and at least occasionally also on small lizards; recorded prey include cockroaches (... read more


    Season Jul–Apr in Venezuela, Dec–Aug in Guyana and Dec–May in French Guiana; a nest in Apr and a fledgling just out of... read more


    Presumed resident throughout range.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Quite abundant throughout most of its extensive range. Occurs in numerous large protected areas, e.g. Canaíma, Yapacana, Duida and La Neblina... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). White-plumed Antbird (Pithys albifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).