Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

White-rumped Swallow (Tachycineta leucorrhoa)


French: Hirondelle à diadème German: Weißbürzelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina cejiblanca

Hirundo leucorrhoa


, 1817,



See T. albilinea. Sister to T. meyeni, based on DNA data#R#R#R; formerly considered conspecific, owing to similarities in morphology and voice, but comparison of DNA sequences supports treatment as separate species. Monotypic.


From C & E Bolivia and C Brazil (S from C Mato Grosso, Tocantins and Espírito Santo) S to N Argentina (S to La Pampa and Buenos Aires) and Uruguay; in non-breeding season occurs N to SE Peru, N Bolivia and NC Brazil.

Descriptive notes

13 cm; 17–21 g. Has white streak above lores, often extending over bill; crown and upperparts glossy blue (more greenish-blue when not breeding), rump white; wings... read more


Song is a soft gurgling; also an alarm call.


Open and semi-open country near water, such as lagoons and marshes, woodland edge, and human... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera), flying ants (Hymenoptera), Orthoptera and Lepidoptera. Feeds alone or in small groups... read more


Oct–Dec in Brazil, Oct–Feb in Argentina. Solitary, and aggressive to intruders. Nest made of plant fibres, lined with hair and... read more


Migratory in S, mostly absent from Argentina and Uruguay May–Aug. Occurs all year in Brazil,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common or fairly common. May benefit from using artificial nest-sites, but does not often breed in towns.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). White-rumped Swallow (Tachycineta leucorrhoa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).