M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823,
Recent molecular phylogeny#R placed this species in a clade with A. batesi, A. horus, A. nipalensis and A. afﬁnis. Population of N Angola and lower Congo formerly separated as a geographical race, ansorgei, but merely one of darkest-headed populations and no longer considered a valid taxon. Birds of tropical zones (excluding migratory populations in extreme N and S) claimed to be on average shorter-winged, and sometimes recognized as racially distinct (streubelii), but variation in wing length apparently clinal, increasing from N to SW. Monotypic.
S Spain, E Portugal and C Morocco; Senegambia, N & E Sierra Leone and (probably breeding) NW Liberia, then C Ivory Coast E to Somalia and S to South Africa; S Gabon S to C Namibia (Windhoek). Winter range of migratory populations unknown.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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