Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

White-spotted Mannikin (Lonchura leucosticta)


French: Capucin tacheté German: Perlbronzemännchen Spanish: Capuchino moteado

Munia leucosticta

D’Albertis and Salvadori

, 1879,

Fly River, 300 miles [c. 480 km], New Guinea


Usually considered conspecific with L. tristissima, but differs in its whitish vs dark brown or black face to upper breast (2); cinnamon vs dark chestnut or black lower underparts (3); bold white vs weak buffy or no spotting on crown, back, wings and flanks (2); song “anything but similar to other munias…” and “different from Streak-headed Mannikin”#R (allow 2). Record of apparent hybrid with L. t. hypomelaena in SW (Noord R area) and existence of an intermediate or hybrid population in SE (Ihu and upper Purari R E to Port Moresby) indicate that it intergrades with other races of L. tristissima; but this is acceptable under the criteria used herein and not considered an obstacle to species rank#R. Proposed race moresbyae (based on single specimen thought to have come from Port Moresby area, possibly of hybrid origin) needs corroboration#R; proposed emendations to moresbyi or moresbyensis are not supported by ICZN Code. Monotypic.


S New Guinea from Noord R E to Fly R and NW Gulf of Papua (Kikori R area, perhaps eastwards#R).

Descriptive notes

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Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Collar, N. (2019). White-spotted Mannikin (Lonchura leucosticta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2019).