Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

White-spotted Woodpecker (Veniliornis spilogaster)


French: Pic aspergé German: Perlbauchspecht Spanish: Carpintero manchado

Picus Spilogaster


, 1827,

Brazil and Paraguay


Molecular analyses indicate that this species is part of a clade also containing V. mixtus and V. lignarius#R. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (S from SE Goiás and Minas Gerais) S to adjacent SE Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones, E Corrientes and E Entre Ríos) and Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

16–19·5 cm; 35–45 g. Distinctive small woodpecker. Male has buffy to olive lower forehead, blackish-brown crown very narrowly streaked dark red when fresh... read more


Single “pic” notes in mild alarm; also great variety of other distinctive calls, e.g.... read more


Various types of forest and woodland, from humid lowland forest, riverine forest and isolated... read more

Food and feeding

Beetle larvae and other insects; berries also taken. Observed foraging on tree trunks, saplings and fence posts; pecks, and hammers... read more


Apparently breeds in Jul–Dec. Nest-holes excavated low down, once at 2·2 m, in stub, the chamber occupying most of the... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common; locally very common. Occurs in Itatiaia National Park and Aparados da Serra National Park (Brazil) Ybicuí National Park (Paraguay) and Iguazú... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Bonan, A. (2019). White-spotted Woodpecker (Veniliornis spilogaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).