French: Engoulevent coré German: Weißschwanz-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras coliblanco
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
H. c. albicauda
(Lawrence, 1875) – Pacific slope from Costa Rica to N Colombia (E to Magdalena).
H. c. insularis
(Richmond, 1902) – extreme N Colombia (Guajira), NW Venezuela, Leeward Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire) and Margarita I.
H. c. manati
(Pinchon, 1963) – Martinique.
H. c. leopetes
(Jardine & Selby, 1830) – Trinidad (including Bocas Is) and Tobago (including Little Tobago).
H. c. aperta
(J. L. Peters, 1940) – W Colombia S to N Ecuador (Imbabura).
H. c. cayennensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – EC & NE Colombia E through Venezuela, the Guianas and extreme N Brazil (N Roraima, NW Amapá).
20–22·5 cm; male 30–40 g, female 25–46 g. Sexually dimorphic. Upperparts greyish-brown, streaked blackish-brown; broad tawny-buff nuchal collar... read more
Advertising call of male is a series of short, high-pitched whistles: “pt-cheeeeeee”.... read more
Typically open grassland and savanna with scattered vegetation, scrubland and along forest... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on moths, beetles, bugs, damselflies, crickets and grasshoppers. Forages by making short sallies from ground, or by hunting low over... read more
Breeds Feb–Jun in Costa Rica, Mar–Jul in Colombia, possibly Apr–Jun in Venezuela, Feb–Dec in Surinam, Jan–Jun... read more
Largely sedentary, although has occurred as a vagrant on Puerto Rico.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common throughout much of range, though local and uncommon in Panama, and scarce on Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles).... read more
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