Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)

Least Concern

White-throated Caracara (Phalcoboenus albogularis)


French: Caracara à gorge blanche German: Weißkehlkarakara Spanish: Caracara araucano
Other common names: Darwin's Caracara

Polyborus (Phalcoboenus) albogularis


, 1837,

Santa Cruz, Patagonia


Formerly treated as race of P. megalopterus, as was P. carunculatus; the three form a species-group, in which some authors also include P. australis. Very low genetic divergence exists among these four species, the lowest being between present species and P. megalopterus#R. Possible hybrids with latter have been reported. Monotypic.


S Chile (Los Lagos#R) and S Argentina (S Mendoza) S to Tierra del Fuego.

Descriptive notes

49–55 cm; wingspan 110–124 cm. Medium-large caracara with long wings and clearly fingered wingtips, and rather long, rounded tail. Female perhaps marginally... read more


Apparently unknown.


Open mountain slopes and humid forest, including beech (Nothofagus) forest; up to 3000 m... read more

Food and feeding

Virtually no information available; food probably similar in general to that of P. megalopterus; known to take carrion, e.g. dead... read more


Eggs probably laid in Oct–Nov. Builds stick nest on rock ledge. Clutch 2–3 eggs.


No information available, although speculated to be somewhat nomadic.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Indeterminate, said to be common in Nothofagus beech forest. Common at rubbish dump near Ushuaia (S Tierra del... read more

Recommended citation

Bierregaard, R.O., Jr & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-throated Caracara (Phalcoboenus albogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).