R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede] and Landbeck, 1861,
Parinacota, 10,000–17,000 feet [c. 3050–5200 m], Arica, Chile.
Closely related to E. dorsalis, and has been suggested as being conspecific, with hybridization between the two reported; however, morphological differences notable and molecular study recovered reciprocal monophyly in the two taxa#R. Monotypic.
S Peru (from SE Arequipa and S Puno) S to N Chile (highlands of Arica–Parinacota) and SW Bolivia (W Oruro and W Potosí).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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