J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Pensilvania = Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Hybrids between present species and Z. atricapilla, Z. leucophrys and nominate race of Junco hyemalis reported. Monotypic.
Canada (mainly E of Rocky Mts) from SE Yukon, WC & S Mackenzie, N & C Saskatchewan and N Manitoba E to Newfoundland, S to SC Alberta, S Saskatchewan, S Ontario, Vermont and Nova Scotia, and in NE USA S to N & E Minnesota, C Wisconsin, C Michigan, New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts and N Pennsylvania. In non-breeding season found in SE Canada (S Maritimes, SE Quebec, rarely S Ontario), in USA from S Wisconsin and S Michigan S to SC Florida and Gulf Coast, and from S Arizona E to S Texas, and in N Mexico (S to N Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, rarely to Sonora); also uncommonly along Pacific coast from extreme SW Canada (S British Columbia) S to extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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