Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Thought to be closest to X. promeropirhynchus. Race villanovae sometimes considered separate species or, alternatively, treated by some authors as race of X. falcirostris; conversely, race franciscanus of latter sometimes placed with present species. Dual original spellings of taxon villanovae, but simultaneously issued erratum confirms current spelling over “villadenovae”#R. Specimens from S part of range of nominate, with more olive (less tawny) plumage and less rufous on rump, sometimes recognized as race argentinus. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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