Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

White-throated Xenops (Xenops minutus)


French: Sittine brune German: Braunbauch-Baumspäher Spanish: Picolezna gorjiblanco

Turdus minutus


, 1788,

no locality = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Hitherto treated as conspecific with X. genibarbis, but differs in its bold plain white chin and throat connecting to white submoustachial streak with relatively little brown on malar below it (prominent and completely separating chin from submoustachial streak in X. genibarbis, all races of which have brown-streaked whitish throat) (2); less pale streaking extending onto breast (1); loudsong a series of 4–5 upslurred notes, the first slightly lower-pitched and subdued, vs much faster-delivered (2), more numerous and overslurred (3) notes#R. Claimed smaller size (in HBW) not apparent vs (at least) nominate X. genibarbis, but further study needed; molecular evidence supports the split#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

E & SE Brazil (Bahia S to Santa Catarina), E Paraguay (E from Canindeyú, Caaguazú) and NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 8·5 g. Short, wedge-shaped bill; the only member of genus without prominent streaking and with graduated tail. Adult has buffish-white supercilium and... read more


Differs distinctively from formerly conspecific X. genibarbis in that song of present... read more


Mainly in tropical lowland forest, second growth and nearby well-wooded areas; to 1000 m.

Food and feeding

Very little published information on diet and foraging behaviour, but both are suspected to be rather similar to X. genibarbis and... read more


Apparently nothing published, except that the species is said to lay two white eggs, nesting in tree-hole.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to common over most of its reasonably large range (estimated at 1,650,000 km2), and is known from a reasonable number of... read more

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-throated Xenops (Xenops minutus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).