Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-tipped Sicklebill (Eutoxeres aquila)


French: Bec-en-faucille aigle German: Weißkehl-Sichelschnabel Spanish: Picohoz coliverde

Trochilus Aquila


, 1847,

Bogotá, Colombia


Birds of E Panama and W Colombia sometimes separated as race munda, but morphological differences are based on zone of character introgression between races salvini and heterurus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. a. salvini Gould, 1868 – Costa Rica to W Colombia.
  • E. a. heterurus Gould, 1868 – W Andes from SW Colombia (Cauca) to SW Ecuador.
  • E. a. aquila (Bourcier, 1847) – E Andes from Colombia to N Peru. Recently noted in W Venezuela (Mérida)#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    12–14 cm; male 8·5–12·5 g, female 8–10 g. Sicklebills are unmistakable among all hummingbirds by virtue of their very strongly decurved bills... read more


    Song of western birds (salvini and heterura) is a hermit-like continuous series... read more


    Understorey of humid and wet forest, older second growth, forest edge, near rivers, often in, or... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of Heliconia and Centropogon species with tubular blossoms similar in curved shape to bill, and small arthropods.... read more


    Season Jan–May in Costa Rica; data on gonadal condition indicate Mar and Jun in Panama, Aug in Colombia, Jun in Ecuador, and Sept in... read more


    Sedentary; perhaps seasonal movements in some regions of Panama.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common throughout most of its range except the upper Magdalena Valley. Present in Braulio Carrillo National Park (Costa... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2020). White-tipped Sicklebill (Eutoxeres aquila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 January 2020).