Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

White-vented Euphonia (Euphonia minuta)


French: Organiste cul-blanc German: Weißbauchorganist Spanish: Eufonia culiblanca

E[uphona [sic]]. minuta


, 1849,

#R, Guyana


Prior name E. olivacea, dating from 1806, formally suppressed#R. The two races are so similar that species may be better treated as monotypic. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. m. humilis (Cabanis, 1861) – extreme SE Mexico (Bonampak, in Chiapas) very locally E to C Guatemala and S Belize and N Honduras, and S on Caribbean slope from E Nicaragua to Panama, and on Pacific slope from SW Costa Rica E to Panama (Veraguas), N base of Andes in Colombia (E to C Magdalena Valley) and S on entire Pacific coast to NW Ecuador (to S Pichincha).
  • E. m. minuta Cabanis, 1849 – E base of Venezuelan Andes (in Táchira) and SE Colombia (from Meta and Vaupés) S through Ecuador and Peru to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz), and generally E across S & E Venezuela, the Guianas, and Amazonian Brazil (E to mouth of R Amazon, and S to C Pará and C Mato Grosso).
  • Descriptive notes

    9 cm; 7·9–11·5 g. Very small, compact euphonia with distinctive white undertail-coverts, and short, thick bill. Male nominate race has small bright yellow patch on forehead (... read more


    One of commonest calls is a sharp “veet”, also a sputtery “wee-chu”. Song surprisingly loud and... read more


    Humid and wet lowland tropical forest, along forest borders, less frequently in canopy of large... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds heavily on mistletoe berries (Loranthaceae); also small fruits, and insects. Seen singly, in pairs, and sometimes in varying-sized... read more


    Breeding reported in Feb–Jul in Costa Rica; two broods sometimes attempted. Nest much like that of congeners, globular with small circular... read more


    Mainly resident. Some early wet-season (Jun) wandering to higher elevations reported in Costa Rica... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Widespread and fairly common across Amazonia; local and uncommon in N of range (Central America), e.g. scarce and often irregular in Panama.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2019). White-vented Euphonia (Euphonia minuta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 November 2019).