French: Organiste cul-blanc German: Weißbauchorganist Spanish: Eufonia culiblanca
E[uphona [sic]]. minuta
Subspecies and Distribution
E. m. humilis
(Cabanis, 1861) – extreme SE Mexico (Bonampak, in Chiapas) very locally E to C Guatemala and S Belize and N Honduras, and S on Caribbean slope from E Nicaragua to Panama, and on Pacific slope from SW Costa Rica E to Panama (Veraguas), N base of Andes in Colombia (E to C Magdalena Valley) and S on entire Pacific coast to NW Ecuador (to S Pichincha).
E. m. minuta
Cabanis, 1849 – E base of Venezuelan Andes (in Táchira) and SE Colombia (from Meta and Vaupés) S through Ecuador and Peru to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz), and generally E across S & E Venezuela, the Guianas, and Amazonian Brazil (E to mouth of R Amazon, and S to C Pará and C Mato Grosso).
9 cm; 7·9–11·5 g. Very small, compact euphonia with distinctive white undertail-coverts, and short, thick bill. Male nominate race has small bright yellow patch on forehead (... read more
One of commonest calls is a sharp “veet”, also a sputtery “wee-chu”. Song surprisingly loud and... read more
Humid and wet lowland tropical forest, along forest borders, less frequently in canopy of large... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds heavily on mistletoe berries (Loranthaceae); also small fruits, and insects. Seen singly, in pairs, and sometimes in varying-sized... read more
Breeding reported in Feb–Jul in Costa Rica; two broods sometimes attempted. Nest much like that of congeners, globular with small circular... read more
Mainly resident. Some early wet-season (Jun) wandering to higher elevations reported in Costa Rica... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and fairly common across Amazonia; local and uncommon in N of range (Central America), e.g. scarce and often irregular in Panama.... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!